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DL YouTube 
1st-Apr-2007 04:04 pm
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Downloading Youtube videos


#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# Copyright (c) 2006 Ricardo Garcia Gonzalez
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
# copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
# to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
# the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
# and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
# Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
# in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
# THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR
# OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE,
# ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR
# OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
#
# Except as contained in this notice, the name(s) of the above copyright
# holders shall not be used in advertising or otherwise to promote the
# sale, use or other dealings in this Software without prior written
# authorization.
#
import getpass
import httplib
import math
import netrc
import optparse
import os
import re
import socket
import string
import sys
import time
import urllib2

# Global constants
const_video_url_str = 'http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=%s'
const_video_url_re = re.compile(r'(?:http://)?(?:www\d*\.)?youtube\.com/(?:v/|(?:watch(?:\.php)?)?\?(?:.+&)?v=)([^&]+).*')
const_login_url_str = 'http://www.youtube.com/login?next=/watch%%3Fv%%3D%s'
const_login_post_str = 'current_form=loginForm&next=%%2Fwatch%%3Fv%%3D%s&username=%s&password=%s&action_login=Log+In'
const_age_url_str = 'http://www.youtube.com/verify_age?next_url=/watch%%3Fv%%3D%s'
const_age_post_str = 'next_url=%%2Fwatch%%3Fv%%3D%s&action_confirm=Confirm'
const_video_url_params_re = re.compile(r'player2\.swf\?([^"]+)"', re.M)
const_video_url_real_str = 'http://www.youtube.com/get_video?%s'
const_video_title_re = re.compile(r'', re.M | re.I)
const_1k = 1024
const_initial_block_size = 10 * const_1k

# Print error message, followed by standard advice information, and then exit
def error_advice_exit(error_text):
sys.stderr.write('Error: %s.\n' % error_text)
sys.stderr.write('Try again several times. It may be a temporary problem.\n')
sys.stderr.write('Other typical problems:\n\n')
sys.stderr.write('* Video no longer exists.\n')
sys.stderr.write('* Video requires age confirmation but you did not provide an account.\n')
sys.stderr.write('* You provided the account data, but it is not valid.\n')
sys.stderr.write('* The connection was cut suddenly for some reason.\n')
sys.stderr.write('* YouTube changed their system, and the program no longer works.\n')
sys.stderr.write('\nTry to confirm you are able to view the video using a web browser.\n')
sys.stderr.write('Use the same video URL and account information, if needed, with this program.\n')
sys.stderr.write('When using a proxy, make sure http_proxy has http://host:port format.\n')
sys.stderr.write('Try again several times and contact me if the problem persists.\n')
sys.exit('\n')

# Wrapper to create custom requests with typical headers
def request_create(url, data=None):
retval = urllib2.Request(url)
if data is not None:
retval.add_data(data)
# Try to mimic Firefox, at least a little bit
retval.add_header('User-Agent', 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; en-US; rv:1.8.1) Gecko/20061010 Firefox/2.0')
retval.add_header('Accept-Charset', 'ISO-8859-1,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.7')
retval.add_header('Accept', 'text/xml,application/xml,application/xhtml+xml,text/html;q=0.9,text/plain;q=0.8,image/png,*/*;q=0.5')
retval.add_header('Accept-Language', 'en-us,en;q=0.5')
return retval

# Perform a request, process headers and return response
def perform_request(url, data=None):
request = request_create(url, data)
response = urllib2.urlopen(request)
return response

# Conditional print
def cond_print(str):
global cmdl_opts
if not (cmdl_opts.quiet or cmdl_opts.get_url):
sys.stdout.write(str)
sys.stdout.flush()

# Title string normalization
def title_string_norm(title):
title = ''.join((x in string.ascii_letters or x in string.digits) and x or ' ' for x in title)
title = '_'.join(title.split())
title = title.lower()
return title

# Title string minimal transformation
def title_string_touch(title):
return title.replace(os.sep, '%')

# Generic download step
def download_step(return_data_flag, step_title, step_error, url, post_data=None):
try:
cond_print('%s... ' % step_title)
data = perform_request(url, post_data).read()
cond_print('done.\n')
if return_data_flag:
return data
return None

except (urllib2.URLError, ValueError, httplib.HTTPException, TypeError, socket.error):
cond_print('failed.\n')
error_advice_exit(step_error)

except KeyboardInterrupt:
sys.exit('\n')

# Generic extract step
def extract_step(step_title, step_error, regexp, data):
try:
cond_print('%s... ' % step_title)
match = regexp.search(data)

if match is None:
cond_print('failed.\n')
error_advice_exit(step_error)

extracted_data = match.group(1)
cond_print('done.\n')
return extracted_data

except KeyboardInterrupt:
sys.exit('\n')

# Calculate new block size based on previous block size
def new_block_size(before, after, bytes):
new_min = max(bytes / 2.0, 1.0)
new_max = max(bytes * 2.0, 1.0)
dif = after - before
if dif < 0.0001:
return int(new_max)
rate = bytes / dif
if rate > new_max:
return int(new_max)
if rate < new_min:
return int(new_min)
return int(rate)

# Get optimum 1k exponent to represent a number of bytes
def optimum_k_exp(num_bytes):
global const_1k
if num_bytes == 0:
return 0
return long(math.log(num_bytes, const_1k))

# Get optimum representation of number of bytes
def format_bytes(num_bytes):
global const_1k
try:
exp = optimum_k_exp(num_bytes)
suffix = 'bkMGTPEZY'[exp]
if exp == 0:
return '%s%s' % (num_bytes, suffix)
converted = float(num_bytes) / float(const_1k**exp)
return '%.2f%s' % (converted, suffix)
except IndexError:
sys.exit('Error: internal error formatting number of bytes.')

# Calculate ETA and return it in string format as MM:SS
def calc_eta(start, now, total, current):
if current == 0:
return '--:--'
rate = float(current) / (now - start)
eta = long((total - current) / rate)
eta_mins = eta / 60
eta_secs = eta % 60
if eta_mins > 99:
return '--:--'
return '%02d:%02d' % (eta_mins, eta_secs)

# Calculate speed and return it in string format
def calc_speed(start, now, bytes):
if bytes == 0:
return 'N/A b'
return format_bytes(float(bytes) / (now - start))

# Create the command line options parser and parse command line
cmdl_usage = 'usage: %prog [options] video_url'
cmdl_version = '2007.03.27'
cmdl_parser = optparse.OptionParser(usage=cmdl_usage, version=cmdl_version, conflict_handler='resolve')
cmdl_parser.add_option('-h', '--help', action='help', help='print this help text and exit')
cmdl_parser.add_option('-v', '--version', action='version', help='print program version and exit')
cmdl_parser.add_option('-u', '--username', dest='username', metavar='USERNAME', help='account username')
cmdl_parser.add_option('-p', '--password', dest='password', metavar='PASSWORD', help='account password')
cmdl_parser.add_option('-o', '--output', dest='outfile', metavar='FILE', help='output video file name')
cmdl_parser.add_option('-q', '--quiet', action='store_true', dest='quiet', help='activates quiet mode')
cmdl_parser.add_option('-s', '--simulate', action='store_true', dest='simulate', help='do not download video')
cmdl_parser.add_option('-t', '--title', action='store_true', dest='use_title', help='use title in file name')
cmdl_parser.add_option('-l', '--literal', action='store_true', dest='use_literal', help='use literal title in file name')
cmdl_parser.add_option('-n', '--netrc', action='store_true', dest='use_netrc', help='use .netrc authentication data')
cmdl_parser.add_option('-g', '--get-url', action='store_true', dest='get_url', help='print final video URL only')
(cmdl_opts, cmdl_args) = cmdl_parser.parse_args()

# Get video URL
if len(cmdl_args) != 1:
cmdl_parser.print_help()
sys.exit('\n')
video_url_cmdl = cmdl_args[0]

# Verify video URL format and convert to "standard" format
video_url_mo = const_video_url_re.match(video_url_cmdl)
if video_url_mo is None:
sys.exit('Error: URL does not seem to be a youtube video URL. If it is, report a bug.')
video_url_id = video_url_mo.group(1)
video_url = const_video_url_str % video_url_id

# Check conflicting options
if cmdl_opts.outfile is not None and (cmdl_opts.simulate or cmdl_opts.get_url):
sys.stderr.write('Warning: video file name given but will not be used.\n')

if cmdl_opts.outfile is not None and (cmdl_opts.use_title or cmdl_opts.use_literal):
sys.exit('Error: using the video title conflicts with using a given file name.')

if cmdl_opts.use_netrc and cmdl_opts.password is not None:
sys.exit('Error: using netrc conflicts with giving command line password.')

if cmdl_opts.use_title and cmdl_opts.use_literal:
sys.exit('Error: cannot use title and literal title at the same time.')

if cmdl_opts.quiet and cmdl_opts.get_url:
sys.exit('Error: cannot be quiet and print final URL at the same time.')

# Incorrect option formatting
if cmdl_opts.username is None and cmdl_opts.password is not None:
sys.exit('Error: password give but username is missing.')

# Get account information if any
account_username = None
account_password = None

if cmdl_opts.use_netrc:
try:
info = netrc.netrc().authenticators('youtube')
if info is None:
sys.exit('Error: no authenticators for machine youtube.')
netrc_username = info[0]
netrc_password = info[2]
except IOError:
sys.exit('Error: unable to read .netrc file.')
except netrc.NetrcParseError:
sys.exit('Error: unable to parse .netrc file.')

if cmdl_opts.password is not None:
account_username = cmdl_opts.username
account_password = cmdl_opts.password
else:
if cmdl_opts.username is not None and cmdl_opts.use_netrc:
if cmdl_opts.username != netrc_username:
sys.exit('Error: conflicting username from .netrc and command line options.')
account_username = cmdl_opts.username
account_password = netrc_password
elif cmdl_opts.username is not None:
account_username = cmdl_opts.username
account_password = getpass.getpass('Type YouTube password and press return: ')
elif cmdl_opts.use_netrc:
if len(netrc_username) == 0:
sys.exit('Error: empty username in .netrc file.')
account_username = netrc_username
account_password = netrc_password

# Get output file name
if cmdl_opts.outfile is None:
video_filename = '%s.flv' % video_url_id
else:
video_filename = cmdl_opts.outfile

# Check name
if not video_filename.lower().endswith('.flv'):
sys.stderr.write('Warning: video file name does not end in .flv\n')

# Test writable file
if not (cmdl_opts.simulate or cmdl_opts.get_url):
try:
disk_test = open(video_filename, 'wb')
disk_test.close()

except (OSError, IOError):
sys.exit('Error: unable to open %s for writing.' % video_filename)

# Install cookie and proxy handlers
urllib2.install_opener(urllib2.build_opener(urllib2.ProxyHandler()))
urllib2.install_opener(urllib2.build_opener(urllib2.HTTPCookieProcessor()))

# Log in and confirm age if needed
if account_username is not None:
url = const_login_url_str % video_url_id
post = const_login_post_str % (video_url_id, account_username, account_password)
download_step(False, 'Logging in', 'unable to log in', url, post)

url = const_age_url_str % video_url_id
post = const_age_post_str % video_url_id
download_step(False, 'Confirming age', 'unable to confirm age', url, post)

# Retrieve video webpage
video_webpage = download_step(True, 'Retrieving video webpage', 'unable to retrieve video webpage', video_url)

# Extract video title if needed
if cmdl_opts.use_title or cmdl_opts.use_literal:
video_title = extract_step('Extracting video title', 'unable to extract video title', const_video_title_re, video_webpage)

# Extract needed video URL parameters
video_url_params = extract_step('Extracting video URL parameters', 'unable to extract URL parameters', const_video_url_params_re, video_webpage)
video_url_real = const_video_url_real_str % video_url_params

# Retrieve video data
try:
video_data = perform_request(video_url_real)
cond_print('Video data found at %s\n' % video_data.geturl())

if cmdl_opts.get_url:
print video_data.geturl()

if cmdl_opts.simulate or cmdl_opts.get_url:
sys.exit()

video_file = open(video_filename, 'wb')
try:
video_len = long(video_data.info()['Content-length'])
video_len_str = format_bytes(video_len)
except KeyError:
video_len = None
video_len_str = 'N/A'

byte_counter = 0
block_size = const_initial_block_size
start_time = time.time()
while True:
if video_len is not None:
percent = float(byte_counter) / float(video_len) * 100.0
percent_str = '%.1f' % percent
eta_str = calc_eta(start_time, time.time(), video_len, byte_counter)
else:
percent_str = '---.-'
eta_str = '--:--'
counter = format_bytes(byte_counter)
speed_str = calc_speed(start_time, time.time(), byte_counter)
cond_print('\rRetrieving video data: %5s%% (%8s of %s) at %8s/s ETA %s ' % (percent_str, counter, video_len_str, speed_str, eta_str))

before = time.time()
video_block = video_data.read(block_size)
after = time.time()
dl_bytes = len(video_block)
if dl_bytes == 0:
break
byte_counter += dl_bytes
video_file.write(video_block)
block_size = new_block_size(before, after, dl_bytes)

if video_len is not None and byte_counter != video_len:
error_advice_exit('server did not send the expected ammount of data')

video_file.close()
cond_print('done.\n')
cond_print('Video data saved to %s\n' % video_filename)

except (urllib2.URLError, ValueError, httplib.HTTPException, TypeError, socket.error):
cond_print('failed.\n')
error_advice_exit('unable to download video data')

except KeyboardInterrupt:
sys.exit('\n')

# Rename video file if needed
if cmdl_opts.use_title or cmdl_opts.use_literal:
try:
if cmdl_opts.use_title:
prefix = title_string_norm(video_title)
else:
prefix = title_string_touch(video_title)
final_filename = '%s-%s.flv' % (prefix, video_url_id)
os.rename(video_filename, final_filename)
cond_print('Video file renamed to %s\n' % final_filename)

except OSError:
sys.stderr.write('Warning: unable to rename file.\n')

except KeyboardInterrupt:
sys.exit('\n')

# Finish
sys.exit()



./youtube-dl -u=tfcocs -p=PASSWORD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5NA3xAPCxBU
./youtube-dl -u=tfcocs -p=PASSWORD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PN0Ncezl73s
./youtube-dl -u=tfcocs -p=PASSWORD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2wEw0e2dAYQ
./youtube-dl -u=tfcocs -p=PASSWORD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fs5inGqAjNU
./youtube-dl -u=tfcocs -p=PASSWORD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wNT7bgd5IOE
./youtube-dl -u=tfcocs -p=PASSWORD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1OkV0CILTc
./youtube-dl -u=tfcocs -p=PASSWORD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=foml2mqXcWo
./youtube-dl -u=tfcocs -p=PASSWORD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JIkxY3G-I7o
./youtube-dl -u=tfcocs -p=PASSWORD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0hT3Hn8vv28
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